C/EPBα proteins, encoded by the CCAAT-enhancer-binding protein α gene, play a crucial role in granulocytic development, and defects in this transcription factor have been reported in acute myeloid leukemia. Here, we defined the C/EBPα signature characterized by a set of genes up-regulated upon C/EBPα activation. We analyzed expression of the C/EBPα signature in a cohort of 525 patients with acute myeloid leukemia and identified a subset characterized by low expression of this signature. We referred to this group of patients as the C/EBPα dysfunctional subset. Remarkably, a large percentage of samples harboring C/EBPα biallelic mutations clustered within this subset. We hypothesize that re-activation of the C/EBPα signature in the C/EBPα dysfunctional subset could have therapeutic potential. In search for small molecules able to reverse the low expression of the C/EBPα signature we applied the connectivity map. This analysis predicted positive connectivity between the C/EBPα activation signature and histone deacetylase inhibitors. We showed that these inhibitors reactivate expression of the C/EBPα signature and promote granulocytic differentiation of primary samples from the C/EBPα dysfunctional subset harboring biallelic C/EBPα mutations. Altogether, our study identifies histone deacetylase inhibitors as potential candidates for the treatment of certain leukemias characterized by down-regulation of the C/EBPα signature.

dx.doi.org/10.3324/haematol.2013.093278, hdl.handle.net/1765/60359
Haematologica
Department of Hematology

Liss, A, Ooi, C.-H, Zjablovskaja, P, Benoukraf, T, Radomska, H.S, Ju, C, … Alberich-Jorda, M. (2014). The gene signature in CCAAT-enhancer-binding protein α dysfunctional acute myeloid leukemia predicts responsiveness to histone deacetylase inhibitors. Haematologica, 99(4), 697–705. doi:10.3324/haematol.2013.093278