Peri-infarction and remote myocardial ischemia involve different myocardial substrates, but their differential clinical implications have not been previously studied. We assessed the differential prognostic significance of peri-infarction and remote ischemia during long-term follow-up in patients with healed myocardial infarction. We studied 345 patients (59 ± 12 years old; 282 men) with previous myocardial infarction who demonstrated reversible perfusion abnormalities on exercise or dobutamine stress technetium-99m sestamibi tomography. Follow-up events for 5.5 ± 2.6 years were 60 deaths (17%; 40 cardiac deaths) and 25 reinfarctions (7%). Reversible perfusion abnormalities were detected in the remote region in 129 patients (37%), the peri-infarction region in 142 patients (41%), and in both regions in 74 patients (21%). The annual rates of cardiac death in these groups were 1.2%, 2.8%, and 2.9%, respectively (p <0.01). The annual rates of reinfarction were 1%, 1.5%, and 0.9%, respectively (p = NS). In a multivariate analysis model, independent predictors of cardiac death were history of heart failure (risk ratio [RR] 2.8, 95% confidence interval [95% CI] 1.2 to 7), diabetes mellitus (RR 4.1, 95% CI 1.9 to 8.9), summed score at rest (RR 1.4, 95% CI 1.1 to 3.1), and peri-infarction ischemia (RR 2.6, 95% CI 1.1 to 6.1). Predictors of reinfarction were age (RR 1.03, 95% CI 1.01 to 1.07) and diabetes mellitus (RR 3.3, 95% CI 1.2 to 9.1). Peri-infarction ischemia assessed by stress technetium-99m sestamibi tomography is associated with a greater risk of cardiac death than is remote ischemia. The risk of reinfarction is not related to the location of ischemia.,
The American Journal of Cardiology
Department of Cardiology

Elhendy, A, Schinkel, A.F.L, van Domburg, R.T, Bax, J.J, & Poldermans, D. (2004). Differential prognostic significance of peri-infarction versus remote myocardial ischemia on stress technetium-99m sestamibi tomography in patients with healed myocardial infarction. The American Journal of Cardiology, 94(3), 289–293. doi:10.1016/j.amjcard.2004.04.021