Migraine is a common neurological disorder that is associated with an increase in plasma calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) levels. CGRP, a potent vasodilator released from the activated trigeminal sensory nerves, dilates intracranial blood vessels and transmits vascular nociception. Hence, inhibition of trigeminal CGRP release may prevent neurotransmission and, thereby, ameliorate migraine headache. Therefore, the present study in anaesthetized pigs investigates the effects of a selective adenosine A1 receptor agonist, GR79236 (3, 10 and 30 μg/kg, i.v.) on capsaicin-induced carotid haemodynamic changes and on plasma CGRP release. Intracarotid (i.e.) infusion of capsaicin (10 μg/kg/min, i.e.) increased the total carotid blood flow and conductance as well as carotid pulsations, but decreased the difference between arterial and jugular venous oxygen saturations. These responses to capsaicin were dose-dependently attenuated by GR79236. However, the increases in the plasma CGRP concentrations by capsaicin remained essentially unmodified after GR79236 treatment. The above results suggest that GR79236 may have an antimigraine potential due to its postjunctional effects (carotid vasoconstriction) rather than to prejunctional inhibition of trigeminal CGRP release.

Adenosine, Arteriovenous anastomoses, Capsaicin, Carotid haemodynamics, GR79236, Migraine, Plasma CGRP levels, Porcine
dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-2982.2005.00967.x, hdl.handle.net/1765/60715
Cephalalgia: an international journal of headache
Department of Pharmacology

Arulmani, U, Heiligers, J.P, Centurion, D, Garrelds, I.M, Villalón, C.M, & Saxena, P.R. (2005). Lack of effect of the adenosine A1 receptor agonist, GR79236, on capsaicin-induced CGRP release in anaesthetized pigs. Cephalalgia: an international journal of headache, 25(11), 1082–1090. doi:10.1111/j.1468-2982.2005.00967.x