Of all the rural social movements in the world, those in post-socialist Russia have been considered to be among the weakest. Nevertheless, triggered by the neo-liberal reforms in the countryside, state attention to agriculture and rising land conflicts, new social movement organisations with a strong political orientation are emerging in Russia today. This sudden burst of civil activity, however, raises questions as to how genuine and independent the emerging organisations are. Our research shows that many rural movements, agricultural associations, farm unions and rural political parties lack constituency, support the status quo and/or are actually counterfeits (what we call 'phantom movement organisations'). With this analysis, we aim to explain the nature of social movements in the post-Soviet countryside and offer an original contribution to the theory on and practice of rural social movements.

land grabbing, post-socialism, rural development, rural social movement organisations, Russia, state-society relations
dx.doi.org/10.1080/03066150.2014.918958, hdl.handle.net/1765/60952
The Journal of Peasant Studies
International Institute of Social Studies of Erasmus University (ISS)

Mamonova, N.V, & Visser, O. (2014). State marionettes, phantom organisations or genuine movements?. The Journal of Peasant Studies, 41(4), 491–516. doi:10.1080/03066150.2014.918958