This paper reviews the role of anti-Müllerian hormone, a member of the TGFβ family signaling through a BMP-like pathway, in the ovary. In vivo and in vitro studies showed that AMH has an inhibitory effect on primordial follicle recruitment and it decreases the sensitivity of follicles for the FSH-dependent selection for dominance. Besides its functional role in the ovary, AMH serum level serves as an excellent candidate marker of ovarian reserve.

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Keywords Anti-Müllerian hormone, Folliculogenesis, Ovarian reserve, Signaling
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Journal Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
Visser, J.A, & Themmen, A.P.N. (2005). Anti-Müllerian hormone and folliculogenesis. In Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology (Vol. 234, pp. 81–86). doi:10.1016/j.mce.2004.09.008