Nonconjugate adaptation of human saccades to anisometropic spectacles: Meridian-specificity
Vision Research , Volume 32 - Issue 3 p. 453- 464
Abstract Recently it has been demonstrated that saccades become different in size in the two eyes if a subject is adapted to anisometropic spectacles, which provide visual images of different magnitude to the two eyes. These nonconjugate adaptations adequately meet the requirements of those spectacles and, once acquired, they persist (with some reduction) even during monocular viewing. We now demonstrate that such nonconjugate adaptations of saccades can be meridian-specific, if there is a pressure for such meridian-specificity. This pressure was provided by means of a cylindrical spectacle-lens. Adaptations along a vertical, horizontal or oblique meridian did not transfer to the orthogonal meridian. These results demonstrate a capability of saccadic adaptation to deal with calibration problems restricted not only to one eye, but even to one specific plane of muscular action. Our results also suggest that the meridian-specific adaptations of oblique saccades take place at a stage before the decomposition of motor commands into separate horizontal and vertical components. The meridian-specific nonconjugacies were also expressed in smooth-pursuit eye movements. Post-saccadic drift adapted only along the horizontal meridian.
|Adaptation, Aniseikonia, Anisometropia, Anisometropic spectacles, Hering's law, Post-saccadic drift, Saccades, Smooth-pursuit|
|Organisation||Department of Neuroscience|
Lemij, H.G, & Collewijn, H. (1992). Nonconjugate adaptation of human saccades to anisometropic spectacles: Meridian-specificity. Vision Research, 32(3), 453–464. doi:10.1016/0042-6989(92)90237-D