Influence of Health on Job-Search Behavior and Re-employment: The Role of Job-Search Cognitions and Coping Resources
Purpose To investigate the influence of poor health on job-search behavior and re-employment, and the mediating role of job-search cognitions and coping resources. Methods A prospective study was conducted among unemployed persons receiving social security benefits in the Netherlands (n = 510). Self-rated health, self-esteem, mastery, job-search cognitions, and the intention to search for a job were measured at baseline. Logistic regression analysis was used to investigate determinants of job-search behavior during a follow-up period of 6 months. Cox proportional hazards analysis was used to investigate the influence of health, job-search cognitions and coping resources on re-employment during a mean follow-up period of 23 months. Results Persons with poor health were less likely to search for paid employment (OR 0.58, 95 % CI 0.39-0.85) and were also less likely to find paid employment (HR 0.58, 95 % CI 0.39-0.89). Persons with a positive attitude toward job-search, high perceived social pressure to look for a job, high job-search self-efficacy and high job-search intention were more likely to search actively and also to actually find paid employment. Adjustment for job-search cognitions and coping reduced the influence of health on active search behavior by 50 % and on re-employment by 33 %. Conclusions Health-related differences in job-search behavior and re-employment can be partly explained by differences in coping, job-search attitude, self-efficacy, and subjective norms towards job-search behavior. Measures to reduce the negative impact of poor health on re-employment should address the interplay of health with job-search cognitions and coping resources.
|Behavior, Cognitions, Job-search, Prospective study, Re-employment, Self-rated health|
|Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation|
|Organisation||Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam|
Carlier, B.E, Schuring, M, van Lenthe, F.J, & Burdorf, A. (2014). Influence of Health on Job-Search Behavior and Re-employment: The Role of Job-Search Cognitions and Coping Resources. Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation, 1–10. doi:10.1007/s10926-014-9499-4