Background: Little is known about met and unmet needs of individuals in residential care, many of whom suffer from dementia. Unmet needs are associated with a decreased quality of life, worse mental health, dissatisfaction with services, and increased costs of care. The aim of this study was to compare the number and type of (unmet) needs of people with and without dementia in residential care in the Netherlands. Methods: 187 individuals in residents care or their relatives were interviewed to identify their care needs on 24 topics using the Camberwell Assessment of Needs for the Elderly (CANE) interview. Results: Individuals diagnosed with probable dementia reported more needs in total and more unmet needs in comparison with individuals without this diagnosis. More specifically, differences were found for the topics "accommodation", "money", "benefits", "medication management", "incontinence", "memory problems", "inadvertent self-harm", "company" and "daytime activities". Conclusions: It seems that the differences in care needs between individuals with and without dementia can be attributed to actual differences in physical and cognitive functioning. Residents with dementia reported more often unmet needs which might imply that care for people with dementia can still be better attuned to their needs.

CANE, Dementia, Needs assessment, Residential care
dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2318-13-51, hdl.handle.net/1765/61715
BMC Geriatrics
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

van der Ploeg, E.S, Bax, D, Boorsma, J, Nijpels, M.G.A.A.M, & van Hout, H.P.J. (2013). A cross-sectional study to compare care needs of individuals with and without dementia in residential homes in the Netherlands. BMC Geriatrics, 13(1). doi:10.1186/1471-2318-13-51