Repair of DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) by non-homologous end-joining (NHEJ) is required for resistance to genotoxic agents, such as ionizing radiation, but also for proper development of the vertebrate immune system. Much progress has been made in identifying the factors that are involved in this repair pathway. We are now entering the phase in which we begin to understand basic concepts of the reaction mechanism and regulation of non-homologous end-joining. This review concentrates on novel insights into damage recognition and subsequent tethering, processing and joining of DNA ends.

D N A Repair
Department of Molecular Genetics

Weterings, E.P.W.C, & van Gent, D.C. (2004). The mechanism of non-homologous end-joining: A synopsis of synapsis. D N A Repair, 3(11), 1425–1435. doi:10.1016/j.dnarep.2004.06.003