Background: The relationship between the PIA2 allele of the Leu33Pro polymorphism of glycoprotein IIb/IIIa receptor (GPIIb/IIIa) and ischemic stroke is uncertain. The purpose of this study was to investigate a possible association between the GPIIb/IIIa PIA1/A2 polymorphism and the occurrence of cryptogenic stroke in young patients. Methods: From a consecutive series of 80 patients aged 45 or less with a recent ischemic stroke or TIA, we selected 45 patients with stroke due to small vessel occlusion or stroke of undetermined etiology (according to the TOAST criteria). Controls were 60 healthy blood donors with a similar age distribution. All patients underwent CT of the brain and were screened for cardiovascular risk factors, cardiac disorders and large vessel disease. The frequency of the PIA2 allele was determined by PCR and Msp1 restriction analysis. Results: Eight patients (16%) and 16 controls (27%) were heterozygous for PIA2 allele. Two patients (4%) were homozygous for PIA2.The relative risk of ischemic stroke associated with PIA2 allele was estimated at 0.8 (95% CI: 0.3-1.9). Conclusion: This study does not support the association between the PIA1/A2 polymorphism and cryptogenic stroke or TIA in patients aged 45 or less.

Ischemic stroke, PLA1/A2 polymorphism, Platelet glycoprotein receptor IIb/IIIa, Risk factors,
Thrombosis Research: vascular obstruction, hemorrhage and hemostasis
Department of Neurology

van Goor, M.P.J, Gómez García, E.B, Brouwers, G.J, Leebeek, F.W.G, Koudstaal, P.J, & Dippel, D.W.J. (2002). PLA1/A2 polymorphism of the platelet glycoprotein receptor IIb/IIIa in young patients with cryptogenic TIA or ischemic stroke. Thrombosis Research: vascular obstruction, hemorrhage and hemostasis, 108(1), 63–65. doi:10.1016/S0049-3848(02)00356-0