This paper presents a Conceptual Framework (CF) for analysing and simulating transition dynamics (or radical systemic innovation) that is broadly consistent with both empirical evidence and current theorising about transitions. The framework distinguishes between a dominant socio-technical regime and a number of socio-technical niches. The central feature of the framework is to describe how niches and regime interact to produce a transition dynamic involving either a transformation or a total overthrow of the dominant regime. We base the analysis on reviews of patterns observed in historical transitions, and provide a framework for analysing the processes involved in producing future 'sustainability transitions'.

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International Journal of Innovation and Sustainable Development
Erasmus Research Institute of Management

Haxeltine, A, Whitmarsh, L, Bergman, N, Rotmans, J, Schilperoord, M.P, & Köhler, J. (2008). A conceptual framework for transition modelling. International Journal of Innovation and Sustainable Development, 3(1-2), 93–114. doi:10.1504/IJISD.2008.018195