Intracoronary Fourier-Domain optical coherence tomography (FD-OCT) enables imaging of the coronary artery within 2-4 seconds, a so far unparalleled speed. Despite such fast data acquisition, cardiac and respiratory motion can cause artefacts due to longitudinal displacement of the catheter within the artery. We studied the influence of longitudinal FD-OCT catheter displacement on serial global lumen and scaffold area measurements in coronary arteries of swine that received PLLA-based bioresorbable scaffolds. In 10 swine, 20 scaffolds (18 x 3.0 mm) were randomly implanted in two epicardial coronary arteries. Serial FD-OCT imaging was performed immediately after implantation (T1) and at 3 (T2) and 6 months (T3) follow-up. Two methods for the selection of OCT cross-sections were compared. Method A did not take into account longitudinal displacement of the FD-OCT catheter. Method B accounted for longitudinal displacement of the FD-OCT catheter. Fifty-one OCT pullbacks of 17 scaffolds were serially analyzed. The measured scaffold length differed between time points, up to one fourth of the total scaffold length, indicating the presence of longitudinal catheter displacement. Between method A and B, low error was demonstrated for mean area measurements. Correlations between measurements were high: R2 ranged from 0.91 to 0.99 for all mean area measurements at all time points. Considerable longitudinal displacement of the FD-OCT catheter was observed, diminishing the number of truly anatomically matching cross-sections in serial investigations. Global OCT dimensions such as mean lumen and scaffold area were not significantly affected by this displacement. Accurate co-registration of cross-sections, however, is mandatory when specific regions, e.g. jailed side branch ostia, are analyzed.

Bioresorbable vascular scaffold, Motion artefact, OCT, Optical coherence tomography,
International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
Department of Cardiology

van Ditzhuijzen, N.S, Karanasos, A, Bruining, N, van den Heuvel, M.M, Sorop, O, Ligthart, J.M.R, … Regar, E.S. (2014). The impact of Fourier-Domain optical coherence tomography catheter induced motion artefacts on quantitative measurements of a PLLA-based bioresorbable scaffold. International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging, 30(6), 1013–1026. doi:10.1007/s10554-014-0447-3