PURPOSE OF THIS REVIEW: This article reviews the most notable results of esophageal interventions for dysphagia and bleeding published in 2005. RECENT FINDINGS: Long-term rubber tube placement was shown to be an interesting treatment option for difficult esophageal strictures. Two studies demonstrated that only 50% of patients who had undergone pneumatic dilation for achalasia were dysphagia-free after long-term follow-up. It was shown that patients with dysphagia from esophageal cancer should be treated by intraluminal radiotherapy (brachytherapy), whereas stent placement was preferable in those with a poor prognosis. Temporary stent placement is an option in patients undergoing radiotherapy for inoperable esophageal cancer to increase the dysphagia-free period. Two studies were published on the successful use of silicone-covered plastic stents for sealing of leaks after surgery of the esophagus. The optimal treatment for bleeding varices was confirmed to be endoscopic band ligation. A meta-analysis demonstrated that adding sclerotherapy to band ligation for secondary prophylaxis of bleeding varices had no effect on clinical outcome. SUMMARY: In 2005, new techniques for the treatment of complicated strictures were presented. In addition, expanding indications for stents were reported. Finally, endoscopic band ligation was confirmed to be the most optimal technique for the treatment of varices.

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doi.org/10.1097/01.mog.0000231823.56514.cd, hdl.handle.net/1765/62569
Current Opinion in Gastroenterology
Department of Gastroenterology & Hepatology

Siersema, P.D. (2006). Therapeutic esophageal interventions for dysphagia and bleeding. Current Opinion in Gastroenterology (Vol. 22, pp. 442–447). doi:10.1097/01.mog.0000231823.56514.cd