Feminine values and happy life-expectancy in nations
Personality and Individual Differences , Volume 33 - Issue 5 p. 803- 813
Cross-national studies suggest that people are happier in feminine nations that are also economically affluent. The first objective of the present study was to replicate this finding with a quality of life index which is more comprehensive than the usual measures of subjective well-being. This comprehensive indicator termed Happy Life-Expectancy (HLE) combines subjective happiness with objective longevity. As predicted, in the richer countries, HLE was higher in feminine nations (r=-0.51, n=14, P<0.05, one-tailed), whereas in the poorer nations HLE did not correlate with national masculinity-femininity (r=-0.27, n=13, NS). A second objective was to examine the mechanisms behind the significant relationship in the richer countries. Contrary to expectation, the findings could not be explained by national differences in private freedom.
|Cross-national, Economic affluence, Feminine values, Freedom, Happy life-expectancy, Subjective well-being (SWB)|
|Personality and Individual Differences|
|Organisation||Department of Sociology|
Arrindell, W.A, & Veenhoven, R. (2002). Feminine values and happy life-expectancy in nations. Personality and Individual Differences, 33(5), 803–813. doi:10.1016/S0191-8869(01)00193-3