The aim of this study was to evaluate retrospectively the results of pedicled omentoplasty and split skin graft (POSSG) in reconstructing (full thickness) chest wall defects, and to define its role as a palliative procedure for local symptom control. Thirty-four patients with recurrent breast cancer (n = 25), radiation-induced necrosis (n = 5) or sarcoma (n = 4) of the chest wall were selected for the study. All patients underwent curative or palliative chest wall resection with reconstruction by pedicled omentoplasty and split skin graft (POSSG), between 1986 and 1994. Reconstructive outcome, complications, local tumour and symptom control following surgery was measured. The most common complication was shown to be partial necrosis of the omental flap (35%), followed by respiratory problems (26%), facial hernia (26%) and thoracic wound problems (15%), which were mostly treated in a conservative way (68%). The 3-year local tumour-free interval after POSSG in patients curatively treated for breast cancer is 16%. Seventy per cent of the patients who underwent palliative resection had longstanding relief of local pain, bleeding or foetor due to local tumour growth. It can be concluded that large (full thickness) chest wall defects after resection of local recurrence, primary malignancy or osteoradionecrosis of the chest wall can successfully be reconstructed by POSSG. Chest wall resection in patients treated with palliative intention is effective in local symptom control.

European Journal of Surgical Oncology
Department of Surgery

Contant, C.M.E, van Geel, A.N, van der Holt, B, & Wiggers, T. (1996). The pedicled omentoplasty and split skin graft (POSSG) for reconstruction of large chest wall defects. A validity study of 34 patients. European Journal of Surgical Oncology, 22(5), 532–537. doi:10.1016/S0748-7983(96)93143-1