Microtubule-targeting agents (MTAs) are widely used for treatment of cancer and other diseases, and a detailed understanding of the mechanism of their action is important for the development of improved microtubule-directed therapies. Although there is a large body of data on the interactions of different MTAs with purified tubulin andmicrotubules,much less is known about how the effects of MTAs are modulated by microtubule-associated proteins. Among the regulatory factors with a potential to have a strong impact on MTA activity are the microtubule plus end-tracking proteins, which controlmultiple aspects of microtubule dynamic instability. Here,we reconstituted microtubule dynamics in vitro to investigate the influence of end-binding proteins (EBs), the core components of the microtubule plus end-tracking protein machinery, on the effects that MTAs exert onmicrotubule plus-end growth.We found that EBs promote microtubule catastrophe induction in the presence of all MTAs tested. Analysis of microtubule growth times supported the view that catastrophes aremicrotubule age dependent. This analysis indicated that MTAs affect microtubule aging in multiple ways: destabilizing MTAs, such as colchicine and vinblastine, accelerate aging in an EB-dependentmanner,whereas stabilizingMTAs, such as paclitaxel and peloruside A, induce not only catastrophes but also rescues and can reverse the aging process.

dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1300395110, hdl.handle.net/1765/62674
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Department of Neuroscience

Mohan, R, Katrukha, E.A, Doodhi, H, Smal, I, Meijering, H.W, Kapitein, L.C, … Akhmanova, A.S. (2013). End-binding proteins sensitize microtubules to the action of microtubule-targeting agents. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 110(22), 8900–8905. doi:10.1073/pnas.1300395110