Time is often considered to be an inert background against which governance processes evolve. Instead, this article approaches time as a factor that influences the development of innovation processes in water governance. Drawing on two Dutch cases, we analyse perceptions of time and the management of time. Public managers manage time by trying to fix deadlines, by synchronizing different timelines or by imposing their time horizon on the process. Different actors' timeframes may interfere with one another, and this may hinder governance processes. The analysis of time helps to explain the dynamics of governance processes, and this article shows that the alignment of timeframes is a crucial activity in realizing innovations in governance.

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doi.org/10.1177/0020852313514518, hdl.handle.net/1765/62693
International Review of Administrative Sciences: an international journal of comparative public administration
Department of Public Administration

Eshuis, J, & van Buuren, M.W. (2014). Innovations in water governance: The importance of time. International Review of Administrative Sciences: an international journal of comparative public administration, 80(2), 401–420. doi:10.1177/0020852313514518