Purpose: We verified if the necessity of long-term catheterization after a pubovaginal rectus fascial sling procedure can be predicted by preoperatively determined bladder contraction strength. Materials and Methods: We analyzed the files of 58 consecutive nonneurogenic women who underwent a sling procedure for severe or refractory stress urinary incontinence. Preoperative urodynamic measurements in these patients were re-analyzed using the power factor WF and the bladder contractility index as bladder contraction strength parameters. Catheterization was considered necessary if the patient self-catheterized at least once daily. Results: One patient was lost to followup. Three and 6 months after surgery 24 (42%) of 57 and 18 (33%) of 54 patients were on catheterization. On average patients who were not on catheterization had a stronger bladder but the results were not consistently statistically significant. Conclusions: A trend toward higher bladder contraction strength in patients not on catheterization was found. However, preoperative urodynamic examination can only poorly predict the necessity of long-term catheterization after sling surgery.

Additional Metadata
Keywords Bladder, Muscle contraction, Postoperative complications, Urinary catheterization, Urinary incontinence
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1097/01.ju.0000135339.90689.e8, hdl.handle.net/1765/62704
Journal The Journal of Urology
Citation
Groen, J.M, & Bosch, J.L.H.R. (2004). Bladder contraction strength parameters poorly predict the necessity of long-term catheterization after a pubovaginal rectus fascial sling procedure. The Journal of Urology, 172(3), 1006–1009. doi:10.1097/01.ju.0000135339.90689.e8