Objective: To determine the differences in number of years lived free of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and number of years lived with CVD between men and women who were obese, pre-obese, or normal weight at 45 years of age. Research Methods and Procedures: We constructed multistate life tables for CVD, myocardial infarction, and stroke, using data from 2551 enrollees (1130 men) in the Framingham Heart Study who were 45 years of age. Results: Obesity and pre-obesity were associated with fewer number of years free of CVD, myocardial infarction, and stroke and an increase in the number of years lived with these diseases. Forty-five-year-old obese men with no CVD survived 6.0 years [95% confidence interval (CI), 4.1; 8.1] fewer than their normal weight counterparts, whereas, for women, the difference between obese and normal weight subjects was 8.4 years (95% CI: 6.2; 10.8). Obese men and women lived with CVD 2.7 (95% CI: 1.0; 4.4) and 1.4 years (95% CI: -0.3; 3.2) longer, respectively, than normal weight individuals. Discussion: In addition to reducing life expectancy, obesity before middle age is associated with a reduction in the number of years lived free of CVD and an increase in the number of years lived with CVD. Such information is paramount for preventive and therapeutic decision-making by individuals and practitioners alike. Copyright

Cardiovascular disease, Life expectancy
dx.doi.org/10.1038/oby.2006.144, hdl.handle.net/1765/62722
Obesity: a research journal
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

Pardo Silva, M.C, de Laet, C.E.D, Nusselder, W.J, Mamun, A.A, & Peeters, A. (2006). Adult obesity and number of years lived with and without cardiovascular disease. Obesity: a research journal, 14(7), 1264–1273. doi:10.1038/oby.2006.144