The 1α-hydroxylated metabolite of 25-hydroxyvitamin D3, 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3, is the biologically most active metabolite of vitamin D. The 24-hydroxylated metabolites were generally considered as degradation products of a catabolic pathway finally leading to excretion of calcitroic acid. Studies with analogues fluorinated at the C-24 position did not indicate a physiological function for 24R,25(OH)2D3. Nevertheless throughout the years various studies showed biologic effects of other metabolites than 1α,25(OH)2D3. In particular the metabolite 24R,25(OH)2D3 has been functionally analyzed, e.g. with respect to a role in normal chicken egg hatchability and effects on chondrocytes in the resting zone of cartilage. Numerous studies have shown the presence of the vitamin D receptor in bone cells and effects of 1α,25(OH)2D3 on bone and bone cells. Also for 24R,25(OH)2D3 studies have been performed focusing on effects on bone and bone cells. The purpose of this review is to summarize the data regarding 24R,25(OH)2D3 and bone and to evaluate its role in bone biology. Copyright

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Department of Reproduction and Development

van Leeuwen, J.P.T.M, van den Bemd, G.J.C.M, van Driel, M, Buurman, C.J, & Pols, H.A.P. (2001). 24,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D3 and bone metabolism. In Steroids (Vol. 66, pp. 375–380). doi:10.1016/S0039-128X(00)00155-0