Time is a limited resource and individuals have to decide how many hours they should allocate to work and to leisure activities. Differences in wage rate or availability of non-labour income (financial support from families and savings) may influence how individuals allocate their time between work and leisure. An increase in wage rate may induce income effects (leisure time demanded increases) and substitution effects (leisure time demanded decreases) whereas an increase in non-labour income only induces income effects. We explored the effects of differences in wage rate and non-labour income on the allocation of time in HIV-infected patients. Patients enrolled in the Swiss HIV Cohort Study (SHCS) provided information on their time allocation, i.e. number of hours worked in 1998. A multinomial logistic regression model was used to test for income and substitution effects. Our results indicate that (i) the allocation of time in HIV-infected patients does not differ with level of education (i.e., wage rate), and that (ii) availability of non-labour income induces income effects, i.e. individuals demand more leisure time.

Chronic disease, Labour-leisure choice, Leisure time, Life expectancy, Switzerland, Wage rate, Working time
dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2007.02.032, hdl.handle.net/1765/62860
Social Science & Medicine
Erasmus School of Health Policy & Management (ESHPM)

Sendi, P.P, Brouwer, W.B.F, Bucher, H.C, Weber, R, & Battegay, M. (2007). When time is more than money: The allocation of time between work and leisure in HIV-infected patients. Social Science & Medicine, 64(11), 2355–2361. doi:10.1016/j.socscimed.2007.02.032