Aims To evaluate the additional value of dobutamine stress testing in patients with repaired tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) by relating stress imaging parameters at baseline to relevant parameters of clinical condition and right ventricular (RV) size during a serial follow-up. Methods and results We prospectively included 27 patients (14 ± 4 years at baseline), who were studied twice with a 5-year interval. Patients underwent cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging to assess RV systolic and diastolic function at rest and during dobutamine stress. Normal response to dobutamine was defined as a decrease in RV end-systolic volume, and a increase in RV ejection fraction (EF) during stress. Exercise testing and electrocardiography were performed to determine peak oxygen uptake (peak VO2), QRS duration, and QT interval corrected for heart rate (QTc) interval. RV volumes, QRS duration, and QTc interval increased significantly from baseline to follow-up; peak VO 2 tended to decrease (95 ± 20-89 ± 14%, P = 0.086). Response to dobutamine was normal in 26 of 27 patients and remained stable during the follow-up [relative increase in RVEF during stress: +25 ± 9% (baseline) vs. +27 ± 10% (follow-up)]. A smaller relative increase in RVEF during stress at baseline related to a larger relative decrease in peak VO2 during the follow-up (r = 0.59, P = 0.004). No significant associations were found with the relative increase in QRS duration, QTc interval, or RV end-diastolic volume during a 5-year follow-up. Conclusion In a young TOF population, response to dobutamine stress was normal and remained stable during the 5-year follow-up. A smaller increase in RVEF during stress at baseline was predictive for a larger decrease in peak VO2 during the 5-year follow-up.

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European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging
Department of Pediatrics

Luijnenburg, S.E, Mekic, S, van den Berg, W.J.B.W, van der Geest, R.J, Moelker, A, Roos-Hesselink, J.W, … Helbing, W.A. (2014). Ventricular response to dobutamine stress relates to the change in peak oxygen uptake during the 5-year follow-up in young patients with repaired tetralogy of Fallot. European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging, 15(2), 189–194. doi:10.1093/ehjci/jet130