Objectives: To investigate gender disparities in disease-specific health status (HS), 3- and 5-year post-intervention in peripheral arterial disease (PAD) patients. Design: Cohort study. Methods: Data of 711 consecutively enrolled vascular surgery patients were collected in 11 hospitals in The Netherlands in 2004. HS was assessed with the Peripheral Artery Questionnaire (PAQ). Our sample included patients for whom it was possible to calculate a PAQ summary score at 3- and 5-year follow-up (n = 351). Results: Women experienced worse physical health (52.1 vs. 62.0, P = 0.012), greater disability (64.5 vs. 71.1, P = 0.026), and worse overall HS (58.1 vs. 66.7, P = 0.007) at 3-year follow-up than men. At 5-year follow-up, however, male and female patients reported similar levels of HS. Mean changes in overall HS from 3- to 5-year follow-up were significantly different for men and women (-4.12 vs. 1.69, P = 0.014). In male patients, overall HS was significantly lower at 5-year follow-up compared to the 3-year follow-up (66.7 vs. 62.6, P = 0.001). In female patients, there was no significant difference (58.1 vs. 59.8, P = 0.393). Conclusions: Men and women experience different levels of HS over time. Attention should be paid to gender disparities in postoperative PAD patients.

Gender, Health status, Peripheral arterial disease
dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejvs.2011.12.022, hdl.handle.net/1765/63033
European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
Department of Surgery

Mastenbroek, T.J, Hoeks, S.E, Pedersen, S.S, Scholte op Reimer, W.J.M, Voûte, M.T, & Verhagen, H.J.M. (2012). Gender disparities in disease-specific health status in postoperative patients with peripheral arterial disease. European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, 43(4), 433–440. doi:10.1016/j.ejvs.2011.12.022