Identifying psychiatric disorders rather than psychiatric symptoms might help to distinguish patients with psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (PNES) from those with epileptic seizures (ES). Patients with PNES (n= 35), patients with ES (n= 35), and healthy controls (n= 37) were compared with respect to the prevalence of psychiatric disorders in this study. We tested the predictive power of having axis I psychiatric disorders, as well as personality disorders, in distinguishing ES from PNES. There was no significant difference between the patient groups in the prevalence of axis I psychiatric disorders. Personality disorders were more prevalent in the PNES group than in the ES group (P< 0.05). Having a personality disorder was the only predictor for the PNES group. Having a personality disorder seems to be a more significant predictor for PNES than having an axis I psychiatric disorder. Greater attention should be paid to personality disorders in the differentiation of PNES and ES and the provision of effective treatment.

Epileptic seizures, Personality disorders, Psychiatric disorders, Psychogenic nonepileptic seizures
dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.yebeh.2011.11.013, hdl.handle.net/1765/63052
Epilepsy and Behavior
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

Direk, N, Kulaksizoglu, I.B, Alpay, H, & Gurses, C. (2012). Using personality disorders to distinguish between patients with psychogenic nonepileptic seizures and those with epileptic seizures. Epilepsy and Behavior, 23(2), 138–141. doi:10.1016/j.yebeh.2011.11.013