Mechanical features and in vivo imaging of a polymer stent
International Journal of Cardiac Imaging , Volume 9 - Issue 3 p. 219- 226
A polyethylene-terephthalate (PETP, polyester), self-expanding, braided mesh stent has been developed for percutaneous (coronary) arterial implantation. In vitro measurements showed that the radial pressure delivered by this device was similar to a self-expanding, stainless steel stent. Due to hysteresis-like behaviour, it proved necessary to mount the polymer stent on the delivery system immediately before the placement procedure, and to select a diameter in the unconstrained condition, which was 60% larger than the diameter of the target vessel. Eight polyester stents were implanted in peripheral arteries of four pigs. Except for heparin during the implantation procedure, antithrombotic or antiplatelet drugs were not administered. After four weeks repeat angiography revealed that one of the stents was subtotally occluded. At autopsy, two other stents proved to be located in the aortic bifurcation, probably due to failure of the delivery system. Quantitative angiographic assessment showed that the mean luminal diameters at the site of stent placement were 3.3±0.2 mm before, 3.2±0.2 mm immediately after, and 2.7±0.5 mm at four weeks after implantation. Intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) examination after 4 weeks could identify the individual struts of the stents, as well as their length. In addition, a description of the extent of neointimal hyperplasia was feasible. The IVUS assessment was validated by histological examination. In conclusion, polyester stents can be constructed with mechanical properties similar to stainless steel stents. After implantation in porcine peripheral arteries, five of six correctly placed stents were patent at four weeks. Imaging of stents by angiography and IVUS provided complementary information.
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van der Giessen, W.J, Slager, C.J, Gussenhoven, E.J, van Beusekom, H.M.M, Huijts, R.A, Schuurbiers, J.C.H, … Verdouw, P.D. (1993). Mechanical features and in vivo imaging of a polymer stent. International Journal of Cardiac Imaging, 9(3), 219–226. doi:10.1007/BF01145324