External beam irradiation has a documented effect on intimal hyperplasia reduction. However, it did not result in less reinterventions or stenoses after radiation treatment of the venous anastomosis in polytetrafluoroethylene dialysis access.

Arteriovenous fistulas, Intimal hyperplasia, Radiotherapy, Stenosis
dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0167-8140(03)00233-0, hdl.handle.net/1765/63309
Radiotherapy & Oncology
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

van Tongeren, R.B, Levendag, P.C, Coen, V.L.M.A, Schmitz, P.I.M, Gescher, F.M, Vernhout, R, … Bruijninckx, C.M.A. (2003). External beam radiation therapy to prevent anastomotic intimal hyperplasia in prosthetic arteriovenous fistulas: Results of a randomized trial. Radiotherapy & Oncology, 69(1), 73–77. doi:10.1016/S0167-8140(03)00233-0