Patients with syndromic craniosynostosis suffering from shallow orbits due to midface hypoplasia can be treated with a Le Fort III advancement osteotomy. This study evaluates the influence of Le Fort III advancement on orbital volume, position of the infra-orbital rim and globe. In pre- and post-operative CT-scans of 18 syndromic craniosynostosis patients, segmentation of the left and right orbit was performed and the infra-orbital rim and globe were marked. By superimposing the pre- and post-operative scans and by creating a reference coordinate system, movements of the infra-orbital rim and globe were assessed. Orbital volume increased significantly, by 27.2% for the left and 28.4% for the right orbit. Significant anterior movements of the left infra-orbital rim of 12.0 mm (SD 4.2) and right infra-orbital rim of 12.8 mm (SD 4.9) were demonstrated. Significant medial movements of 1.7 mm (SD 2.2) of the left globe and 1.5 mm (SD 1.9) of the right globe were demonstrated. There was a significant correlation between anterior infra-orbital rim movement and the increase in orbital volume. Significant orbital volume increase has been demonstrated following Le Fort III advancement. The position of the infra-orbital rim was moved forward significantly, whereas the globe position remained relatively unaffected.

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Journal of Cranio-Maxillofacial Surgery
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery

Nout, E., van Bezooijen, J., Koudstaal, M., Veenland, J., Hop, W., Wolvius, E., & van der Wal, K. (2012). Orbital change following Le Fort III advancement in syndromic craniosynostosis: Quantitative evaluation of orbital volume, infra-orbital rim and globe position. Journal of Cranio-Maxillofacial Surgery, 40(3), 223–228. doi:10.1016/j.jcms.2011.04.005