Predictive factors and long-term clinical consequences of persistent left bundle branch block following transcatheter aortic valve implantation with a balloon-expandable valve
Journal of the American College of Cardiology , Volume 60 - Issue 18 p. 1743- 1752
Objectives: This study evaluated the predictive factors and prognostic value of new-onset persistent left bundle branch block (LBBB) in patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) with a balloon-expandable valve. Background: The predictors of persistent (vs. transient or absent) LBBB after TAVI with a balloon-expandable valve and its clinical consequences are unknown. Methods: A total of 202 consecutive patients with no baseline ventricular conduction disturbances or previous permanent pacemaker implantation (PPI) who underwent TAVI with a balloon-expandable valve were included. Patients were on continuous electrocardiographic (ECG) monitoring during hospitalization and 12-lead ECG was performed daily until hospital discharge. No patient was lost at a median follow-up of 12 (range: 6 to 24) months, and ECG tracing was available in 97% of patients. The criteria for PPI were limited to the occurrence of high-degree atrioventricular block (AVB) or severe symptomatic bradycardia. Results: New-onset LBBB was observed in 61 patients (30.2%) after TAVI, and had resolved in 37.7% and 57.3% at hospital discharge and 6- to 12-month follow-up, respectively. Baseline QRS duration (p = 0.037) and ventricular depth of the prosthesis (p = 0.017) were independent predictors of persistent LBBB. Persistent LBBB at hospital discharge was associated with a decrease in left ventricular ejection fraction (p = 0.001) and poorer functional status (p = 0.034) at 1-year follow-up. Patients with persistent LBBB and no PPI at hospital discharge had a higher incidence of syncope (16.0% vs. 0.7%; p = 0.001) and complete AVB requiring PPI (20.0% vs. 0.7%; p < 0.001), but not of global mortality or cardiac mortality during the follow-up period (all, p > 0.20). New-onset LBBB was the only factor associated with PPI following TAVI (p < 0.001). Conclusions: Up to 30% of patients with no prior conduction disturbances developed new LBBB following TAVI with a balloon-expandable valve, although it was transient in more than one third. Longer baseline QRS duration and a more ventricular positioning of the prosthesis were associated with a higher rate of persistent LBBB, which in turn determined higher risks for complete AVB and PPI, but not mortality, at 1-year follow-up.
|conduction disturbances, left bundle branch block, pacemaker, transcatheter aortic valve implantation, transcatheter aortic valve replacement|
|Journal of the American College of Cardiology|
|Organisation||Department of Cardiology|
Urena, M, Mok, K, Serra, V, Dumont, E, Nombela-Franco, L, Delarochellière, R, … Rodés-Cabau, J. (2012). Predictive factors and long-term clinical consequences of persistent left bundle branch block following transcatheter aortic valve implantation with a balloon-expandable valve. Journal of the American College of Cardiology, 60(18), 1743–1752. doi:10.1016/j.jacc.2012.07.035