Purpose: We used four-dimensional multislice spiral computed tomography (MSCT) to determine respiratory lung-tumor motion and compared this strategy to common clinical practice in conformal radiotherapy treatment-planning imaging. Methods and Materials: The entire lung volume of 10 consecutive patients with 14 lung metastases were scanned by a 16-slice MSCT. During the scans, patients were instructed to breathe through a spirometer that was connected to a laptop computer. For each patient, 10 stacks of 1.5-mm slices, equally distributed throughout the respiratory cycle, were reconstructed from the acquired MSCT data. The lung tumors were manually contoured in each data set. For each patient, the tumor-volume contours of all data sets were copied to 1 data set, which allowed determination of the volume that encompassed all 10 lung-tumor positions (i.e., the tumor-traversed volume [TTV]) during the respiratory cycle. The TTV was compared with the 10 tumor volumes contoured for each patient, to which an empiric respiratory-motion margin was added. The latter target volumes were designated internal-motion included tumor volume (IMITV). Results: The TTV measurements were significantly smaller than the reference IMITV measurements (5.2 ± 10.2 cm3 and 10.1 ± 13.7 cm3, respectively). All 10 IMITVs for 2 of the 4 tumors in 1 subject completely encompassed the TTV. All 10 IMITVs for 3 tumors in 2 patients did not show overlap with up to 35% of the corresponding TTV. The 10 IMITVs for the remaining tumors either completely encompassed the corresponding TTV or did not show overlap with up to 26% of the corresponding TTV. Conclusions: We found that individualized determination of respiratory lung-tumor motion by four-dimensional respiratory-gated MSCT represents a better and simple strategy to incorporate periodic physiologic motion compared with a generalized approach. The former strategy can, therefore, improve common and state-of-the-art clinical practice in conformal radiotherapy.

Conformal radiotherapy, Four-dimensional multislice computed tomography, Lung tumor, Respiratory motion
dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijrobp.2005.03.002, hdl.handle.net/1765/63494
International Journal of Radiation: Oncology - Biology - Physics
Department of Pulmonology

Leter, E.M, Cademartiri, F, Levendag, P.C, Flohr, T.G, Stam, H.J, & Nowak, P.J.C.M. (2005). Four-dimensional multislice computed tomography for determination of respiratory lung tumor motion in conformal radiotherapy. International Journal of Radiation: Oncology - Biology - Physics, 62(3), 888–892. doi:10.1016/j.ijrobp.2005.03.002