Prevalence of eight human herpesviruses (HHV1-8) was determined by real-time PCR in cell-rich cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) samples, obtained early after disease symptoms, of Dutch patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) and other noninfectious central nervous system diseases (NIND). Whereas HHV1-8 DNA was undetectable in CSF samples of MS patients, HHV6 DNA was detected in a plexus neuritis case and HHV7 DNA in an ependymoma and a Behçets' disease patient. However, intrathecal HHV infection was not detected. Data indicate that HHV1-8 are rarely detected in CSF of Dutch NIND patients and do not support the role of intrathecal HHV infection early after onset of disease symptoms in MS.

, , , , ,,
Journal of NeuroVirology
Department of Neurology

van Nierop, G.P, Hintzen, R.Q, & Verjans, G.M.G.M. (2014). Prevalence of human Herpesviridae in cerebrospinal fluid of patients with multiple sclerosis and noninfectious neurological disease in the Netherlands. Journal of NeuroVirology, 20(4), 412–418. doi:10.1007/s13365-014-0248-4