Objective: To establish whether initial screening characteristics of normogonadotropic anovulatory infertile women can aid in predicting live birth after induction of ovulation with clomiphene citrate (CC). Design: Prospective longitudinal single-center study. Setting: Specialist academic fertility unit. Patient(s): Two hundred fifty-nine couples with a history of infertility, oligoamenorrhea, and normal follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) concentrations who have not been previously treated with any ovulation-induction medication. Intervention(s): 50, 100, or 150 mg of oral CC per day, for 5 subsequent days per cycle. Main Outcome Measure(s): Conception leading to live birth after CC administration. Result(s): After receiving CC, 98 (38%) women conceived, leading to live birth. The cumulative live birth rate within 12 months was 42% for the total study population and 56% for the ovulatory women who had received CC. Factors predicting the chances for live birth included free androgen index (testosterone/sex hormone-binding globulin ratio), body mass index, cycle history (oligomenorrhea versus amenorrhea), and the woman's age. Conclusion(s): It is possible to predict the individual chances of live birth after CC administration using two distinct prediction models combined in a nomogram. Applying this nomogram in the clinic may be a step forward in optimizing the decision-making process in the treatment of normogonadotropic anovulatory infertility. Alternative first line of treatment options could be considered for some women who have limited chances for success.

Anovulation, Clomiphene citrate, Female, Follow-up studies, Human, Induction of ovulation, Infertility, Polycystic ovary syndrome, Prediction
dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0015-0282(01)02929-6, hdl.handle.net/1765/63623
Fertility and Sterility
Department of Gynaecology & Obstetrics

Imani, B, Eijkemans, M.J.C, te Velde, E.R, & Fauser, B.C.J.M. (2002). A nomogram to predict the probability of live birth after clomiphene citrate induction of ovulation in normogonadotropic oligoamenorrheic infertility. Fertility and Sterility, 77(1), 91–97. doi:10.1016/S0015-0282(01)02929-6