A nomogram to predict the probability of live birth after clomiphene citrate induction of ovulation in normogonadotropic oligoamenorrheic infertility
Fertility and Sterility , Volume 77 - Issue 1 p. 91- 97
Objective: To establish whether initial screening characteristics of normogonadotropic anovulatory infertile women can aid in predicting live birth after induction of ovulation with clomiphene citrate (CC). Design: Prospective longitudinal single-center study. Setting: Specialist academic fertility unit. Patient(s): Two hundred fifty-nine couples with a history of infertility, oligoamenorrhea, and normal follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) concentrations who have not been previously treated with any ovulation-induction medication. Intervention(s): 50, 100, or 150 mg of oral CC per day, for 5 subsequent days per cycle. Main Outcome Measure(s): Conception leading to live birth after CC administration. Result(s): After receiving CC, 98 (38%) women conceived, leading to live birth. The cumulative live birth rate within 12 months was 42% for the total study population and 56% for the ovulatory women who had received CC. Factors predicting the chances for live birth included free androgen index (testosterone/sex hormone-binding globulin ratio), body mass index, cycle history (oligomenorrhea versus amenorrhea), and the woman's age. Conclusion(s): It is possible to predict the individual chances of live birth after CC administration using two distinct prediction models combined in a nomogram. Applying this nomogram in the clinic may be a step forward in optimizing the decision-making process in the treatment of normogonadotropic anovulatory infertility. Alternative first line of treatment options could be considered for some women who have limited chances for success.
|Anovulation, Clomiphene citrate, Female, Follow-up studies, Human, Induction of ovulation, Infertility, Polycystic ovary syndrome, Prediction|
|Fertility and Sterility|
|Organisation||Department of Gynaecology & Obstetrics|
Imani, B, Eijkemans, M.J.C, te Velde, E.R, & Fauser, B.C.J.M. (2002). A nomogram to predict the probability of live birth after clomiphene citrate induction of ovulation in normogonadotropic oligoamenorrheic infertility. Fertility and Sterility, 77(1), 91–97. doi:10.1016/S0015-0282(01)02929-6