Chromosomal rearrangements involving 3q26 either due to inversion or translocation with various partner chromosomes are a recurrent finding in malignant myeloid disorders. Typically, these chromosome aberrations contribute to ectopic expression of or to the formation of fusion genes involving the EVI1 proto-oncogene. Chromosomal translocations involving the short arm of chromosome 2 (p15-p23) and the distal part of the long arm of chromosome 3 (q26-q27) are a rare but recurrent finding in patients with myeloid malignancies, and are assumed to be part of this spectrum of disorders. Thus far, however, these translocations have been poorly studied. Here, we present 21 new cases with myelodysplasia, acute myeloid leukemia or CML in blast crisis, which upon karyotyping showed the presence of a t(2;3). Furthermore, an extensive literature review disclosed 29 additional cases. Morphological, clinical and cytogenetic assessment revealed the typical hallmarks of 3q26/EVI1 rearrangements, that is, trilineage dysplasia and dysmegakaryopoiesis, poor progriosis and additional monosomy 7. Molecular cytogenetic analysis and PCR in selected samples indicated that in most cases the translocation indeed targets the EVI1 locus. Mapping of the chromosome 2 breakpoints confirmed the initially suspected cytogenetic breakpoint heterogeneity at the 2p arm.

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Keywords Dysmegakaryopoiesis, EVI1 overexpression, Myeloid malignancies, Poor prognosis, Recurent chromosome abnormality, Translocation t(2, 3)
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Journal Leukemia
Stevens-Kroef, M, Poppe, B, van Zelderen-Bhola, S.L, van den Berg, E, van der Blij-Philipsen, M, Geurts van Kessel, A.H.M, … Hagemeijer, A. (2004). Translocation t(2;3)(p15-23;q26-27) in myeloid malignancies: Report of 21 new cases clinical, cytogenetic and molecular genetic features. Leukemia (Vol. 18, pp. 1108–1114). doi:10.1038/sj.leu.2403346