The influence of increased incorporation of linoleic acid (18:2n-6) and eicosapentaenoic acid (20:5n-3) in membrane phospholipids on receptor-mediated phospholipase Cβ (PLC-β) activity in cultured rat ventricular myocytes was investigated. For this purpose, cells were grown for 4 days in control, stearic acid (18:0)/oleic acid (18:1n-9), 18:2n-6 and 20:5n-3 enriched media, and subsequently assayed for the basal- and phenylephrine- or endothelin-1-induced total inositol phosphate formation. The various fatty acid treatments resulted in the expected alterations of fatty acid composition of membrane phospholipids. In 18:2n-6-treated cells, the incorporation of this 18:2n-6 in the phospholipids increased from 17.1 mol % in control cells to 38.9 mol %. In 20:5n-3-treated cells, incorporation of 20: 5n-3 and docosapentaenoic acid (22:5n-3) in the phospholipids increased from 0.5 and 2.7 mol % in control cells to 23.2 and 9.7 mol %, respectively. When 20:5n-3-treated cells were stimulated with phenylephrine or endothelin-1, the inositolphosphate production decreased by 33.2% and increased by 43.4%, respectively, as compared to cells grown in control medium. No efffects were seen in 18:2n-6-treated cells. When 18:0/18:1n-9-treated cells were stimulated with endothelin-1, inositolphosphate formation increased by 26.4%, whereas phenylephrine-stimulated inositolphosphate formation was not affected. In saponin-permeabilized cells, that were pre-treated with 20:5n-3, the formation of total inositolphosphates after stimulation with GTPγS, in the presence of Ca2+, was inhibited 19.3%. This suggests that the 20:5n-3 effect on intact cardiomyocytes could be exerted either on the level of agonist-receptor, receptor-GTP-binding-protein coupling or GTP-binding-protein-PLC-β interaction. Investigation of the time course of saponin-induced permeabilization of the cardiomyocytes, measured by the release of lactate dehydrogenase, unmasked a slight decrease in the rate of permeabilization by 20:5n-3 pretreatment, indicating a protective effect. This led the authors to measure the cholesterol/phospholipid molar ratio, the double bond index of membrane phospholipids, and the membrane fluidity; the latter by using a diphenylhexatriene probe. In 20: 5n-3-pretreated cells, a strong increase in the cholesterol/phospholipid molar ratio (from 0.23 to 0.39), a marked increase in the double bond index (from 1.76 to 2.33), and a slight decrease in fluidity (steady-state anisotropy r(ss) of the diphenylhexatriene probe increased from 0.196 to 0.217) were observed. Thus, treatment of cardiomyocytes for 4 days with 20:5n-3, but not with 18:2n-6, causes alterations of receptor-mediated phospholipase Cβ activity. A causal relationship may exist between the 20:5 n-3-induced alterations of the physicochemical properties in the bilayer and of the agonist-stimulated phosphatidylinositol cycle activity.

Cell culture, Contractile activity, Electrical activity, Inositol phosphate production, Membrane cholesterol, Membrane fluidity, Membrane phospholipids, Phosphatidylinositol cycles, Polyunsaturated fatty acids, Rat ventricular myocytes, Saponin permeabilization,
Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology
Department of Biochemistry

de Jonge, H.W, Dekkers, D.H, Bastiaanse, L.P, Bezstarosti, K, van der Laarse, A, & Lamers, J.M.J. (1996). Eicosapentaenoic acid incorporation in membrane phospholipids modulates receptor-mediated phospholipase C and membrane fluidity in rat ventricular myocytes in culture. Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology, 28(5), 1097–1108. doi:10.1006/jmcc.1996.0101