Trichothiodystrophy (TTD) patients with a mutation in the XPD gene of nucleotide excision repair (NER) have a short life span and show various features of premature aging, thereby linking DNA damage to the aging process. XpdTTD mutant mice share many features with TTD patients, including a shorter life span, accompanied by a segmental progeroid phenotype. Here we report new pathology features supportive to the premature aging phenotype of XpdTTD mice. Strikingly, accelerated aging pathology is accompanied by signs suggestive of caloric restriction (CR), a condition usually linked to retardation of age-related pathology and life extension. Accelerated aging symptoms in XpdTTD mice are most likely due to accumulation of endogenously generated DNA damage and compromised transcription leading to cell death, whereas CR symptoms may reflect the need of XpdTTD mice to reduce metabolism (ROS production) in an attempt to extend their life span. Our current findings in XpdTTD mice further strengthen the link between DNA damage, repair and aging.

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D N A Repair
Department of Clinical Genetics

Wijnhoven, S.W.P, Beems, R.B, Roodbergen, M, van den Berg, J, Lohmann, P.H.M, Diderich, K.E.M, … van Steeg, H. (2005). Accelerated aging pathology in ad libitum fed XpdTTD mice is accompanied by features suggestive of caloric restriction. D N A Repair, 4(11), 1314–1324. doi:10.1016/j.dnarep.2005.07.002