Recently, Enright described an unexpected association between disparity-induced vertical vergence and cycloversion (conjugate eye torsion) [Enright (1992)Vision Research, 415, 279]. The present experiments were performed to verify these findings and investigate the nature of this association. We presented subjects with a dichoptic image of concentric circles in which a step in vertical disparity of 1 deg was introduced. After 4 sec the disparity was eliminated. Eye movements were measured with scierai coils. We confirmed Enright's findings in that a left-over right vertical vergence was associated with levo-cycloversion (upper poles towards left shoulder) and vice versa. The size of the cycloversion and the vertical vergence were in the same range. In addition we found that part of the cycloversion response was in the form of a torsional nystagmus and that the relative contribution of the left and right eyes was independent of the horizontal gaze angle. These additional findings are in conflict with the hypothesis, offered by Enright, that the association is caused by a bilateral activity of the superior oblique muscles.

Cycloversion, Eye movements, Human coils, Vertical vergence,
Vision Research
Department of Neuroscience

van Rijn, L.J, & Collewijn, H. (1994). Eye torsion associated with disparity-induced vertical vergence in humans. Vision Research, 34(17). doi:10.1016/0042-6989(94)90109-0