Inflammation of the rat distal intestine was induced by intradermal sensitization and subsequent multiple intrajejunal challenge with the hapten 2,4,6-trinitrobenzenesulphonic acid (TNBS) via an implanted catheter. The time course of the inflammatory reaction was followed by determination of the enteritis score and measurement of in vitro eicosanoid formation of homogenates of the gut after 0, 1, 2, 4, 7, 14 and 21 days of local daily challenge with 0.08% TNBS. There was a small initial increase of eicosanoid formation, reached at days 1 and 2, followed by a significant increase in metabolism of arachidonic acid on day 21. Although at day 1 a four-fold increase in inflammation score was reached, no further significant changes were observed during the following 3 weeks. The greatest increase in metabolite formation was observed in prostanoids TxB2, PGE2. and PGD2 and the 5-lipoxygenase product LTC4, whereas minor changes were found for LTB4 and other lipoxygenase products such as 12- and 15-HETE. The formation of these metabolites was already inhibited by low-dose 5-aminosalicylic acid (5-ASA), given orally twice daily during the 3 weeks challenge period, while the enteritis score was affected dosedependently.

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Mediators of Inflammation
Department of Internal Medicine

Zijlstra, F.J, van Dijk, A.P.J, Selve, N, & Wilson, J.H.P. (1993). Arachidonic acid metabolism in TNS-induced chronic and immunologic enteritis in rats, and the effect of 5-ASA. Mediators of Inflammation, 2(5), 391–395. doi:10.1155/S0962935193000559