Introduction Trend analyses of hospital discharge data can raise signals for prevention policies, but are often flawed by changes in health care consumption. This is a trend analysis of the clinical incidence of paediatric trauma that used international criteria to overcome this bias. The objective is to describe trends in clinical incidence of moderate to severe paediatric trauma, and to identify target groups for prevention activities. Patients and methods Included were all paediatric trauma patients (0-18 years) that were discharged from the hospitals of trauma care region Central Netherlands from 1996 to 2009. Selection was made on ISS ≥ 4, and on trauma related International Classification of Diseases diagnostic codes, and trauma related external causes of injury and poisoning codes. Trend analyses were performed using Poisson loglinear regression with correction for age and gender. Results 23,682 Patients were included, the mean incidence rate was 477/100,000 person-years. Since 2001 the incidence rate of moderate to severe trauma increased with 1.1% annually (95% confidence interval (CI) 0.7-1.5), caused by an increase of falls (3.9%, 95% CI 3.3-4.5), sport injuries (5.4%, 95% CI 4.3-6.5), and bicycle injuries (3.8%, 95% CI 2.8-4.8). The incidence of falls and sport injuries peaked in young children (0-9) and older boys (10-18) respectively. Bicycle injuries affected all children between 5 and 18. Conclusions The incidence of paediatric trauma in the centre of the Netherlands increased since 2001. Trend analyses on moderate and severe injuries may identify target groups for prevention in a trauma region.

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Injury: International Journal of the Care of the Injured
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

Janssens, L, Holtslag, H.R, Leenen, L.P.H, Lindeman, E, Looman, C.W.N, & van Beeck, E.F. (2014). Trends in moderate to severe paediatric trauma in Central Netherlands. Injury: International Journal of the Care of the Injured, 45(8), 1190–1195. doi:10.1016/j.injury.2014.04.027