There is increasing evidence that the development of the fetal immune system can be influenced by environmental exposure in utero. We investigated whether prenatal exposure is associated with a high neonatal total IgE level and sensitization at the age of 1 and 4 yr. Data from 1027 infants were collected in a Dutch birth cohort study (PIAMA study). Total IgE was measured in heel prick blood collected in the first week of life. Sensitization was defined as a specific IgE level in serum of ≥0.35 IU/ml against house dust mite, cat, dog, milk or egg. Logistic regression analysis was performed to study independent relationships between risk factors and a high neonatal total IgE (≥0.50 IU/ml) or sensitization. A high neonatal total IgE was found in 12.2% of boys and 6.2% of girls. A dog at home during pregnancy was negatively associated with a high neonatal total IgE [odds ratio (95% CI) 0.5 (0.2-1.0)]. A cat at home [OR 0.6 (0.4-1.0) and maternal smoking (OR 0.4 (0.2-1.0)] were negatively associated with sensitization at 12 months, but not at 4 yr. The presence of older siblings, season of birth, birth weight, mode of delivery, gestational age and maternal age were not associated with a high neonatal total IgE or sensitization. The higher total IgE level and prevalence of sensitization at 4 yr in boys compared with girls was only present in children from allergic mothers. Our results suggest a short-lasting protective effect of prenatal exposure to pets on total IgE at birth and early sensitization.

Allergy risk factors, Heel prick, Parental allergy, Pets, Prenatal exposure, Sensitization, Total IgE
dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1399-3038.2005.00217.x, hdl.handle.net/1765/64017
Pediatric Allergy and Immunology
Department of Pediatrics

Kerkhof, M, Wijga, A.H, Smit, H.A, de Jongste, J.C, Aalberse, R.C, Brunekreef, B, … Postma, D.S. (2005). The effect of prenatal exposure on total IgE at birth and sensitization at twelve months and four years of age: The PIAMA study. Pediatric Allergy and Immunology, 16(1), 10–18. doi:10.1111/j.1399-3038.2005.00217.x