A video-based 2D eye-tracking system (EyeLink version 2.04, SR Research Ltd/SMI) was compared with the scleral search coil technique for its performance on recording the properties of fixations and saccadic eye movements. Fixation positions and saccadic properties (amplitude, duration, and peak velocity) were calculated independently from the data of the two systems that recorded eye positions simultaneously. Fixation positions were well correlated between the video and the coil output with an average discrepancy of <1° over a tested range of 40 by 40° of visual angle. With respect to the saccade analysis, the values measured by the video system were fitted as a linear function of the values measured by the coil system. Highly correlated linear fits with slopes near one were obtained for all the saccadic parameters. Main sequence relationships (amplitudes-duration and amplitude-peak velocity) were also similar for both systems. A disadvantage of the video method is its low sample rate of 250 Hz. The relatively noisier estimate of all parameters of small saccades could be attributed to this low sampling frequency. Copyright

Eye movement, Fixation, Human, Recording technique, Saccade, Search coil, Video-oculography
dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0165-0270(01)00527-1, hdl.handle.net/1765/64097
Journal of Neuroscience Methods
Department of Neuroscience

van der Geest, J.N, & Frens, M.A. (2002). Recording eye movements with video-oculography and scleral search coils: A direct comparison of two methods. Journal of Neuroscience Methods, 114(2), 185–195. doi:10.1016/S0165-0270(01)00527-1