Background & Aims: Acute perforations of the gastrointestinal tract are rare, severe complications of endoscopy that usually require surgical repair. Endoscopic repair of perforations would reduce the need for surgeries; we evaluated the efficacy and safety of endoscopic closure of acute perforations of the gastrointestinal tract by using a new clip device. Methods: We conducted a prospective, international, multicenter study of 36 consecutive patients (15 male) with acute iatrogenic perforations (5 esophageal, 6 gastric, 12 duodenal, and 13 colonic perforation). Endoscopic repair was performed by using the Over-the-Scope-Clip according to a standardized operating procedure. Primary end point was successful closure, which was determined as endoscopic successful closure without leakage (detected by water-soluble contrast x-ray analysis), and absence of adverse events within 30 days after the procedure. Results: Immediate closure was endoscopically successful in 33 patients (92%). One patient developed an esophageal perforation while the cap was introduced, and in 2 patients the perforations did not close; these 3 patients were successfully treated with surgery. None of the patients had leakage of soluble contrast on the basis of contrast x-ray. One patient with a closed colonic perforation deteriorated clinically within 6 hours after the procedure. Despite surgery, the patient died within 36 hours. The remaining 32 patients had successful endoluminal closures; the overall success rate was 89% (95% confidence interval, 75%-96%). The mean endoscopic closure time was 5 minutes 44 seconds ± 4 minutes 15 seconds. Conclusions: The Over-the-Scope-Clip is effective for endoluminal closure of acute iatrogenic perforations. It allows patients to avoid surgery, and 89% of patients had successful closures without adverse events.

Clinical Trial, Closure Technique, Complications, Endoscopy, Esophageal Perforation, Gastrointestinal, Humans, Intestinal Perforation, Natural Orifice Endoscopic Surgery, Surgical, Wound Closure Techniques,
Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Department of Gastroenterology & Hepatology

Voermans, R.P, Le Moine, O, von Renteln, D, Ponchon, T, Giovannini, M, Bruno, M.J, … Rösch, T. (2012). Efficacy of Endoscopic Closure of Acute Perforations of the Gastrointestinal Tract. Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology, 10(6), 603–608. doi:10.1016/j.cgh.2012.02.005