Learners studying mechanical or technical processes via dynamic visualizations often fail to build an accurate mental representation of the system's movements. Based on embodied theories of cognition assuming that action, perception, and cognition are closely intertwined, this paper proposes that the learning effectiveness of dynamic visualizations could be enhanced by grounding the movements of the presentation in people's own bodily experiences during learning. We discuss recent research on embodied cognition and provide specific strategies for how the body can be used to ground movements during the learning process: (1) making or observing gestures, (2) manipulating and interacting with objects, (3) using body metaphors, and (4) using eye movements as retrieval cues. Implications for the design of dynamic visualizations as well as directions for future research are presented.

Additional Metadata
Keywords Embodied cognition, Instructional animation, Instructional design
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10648-011-9173-8, hdl.handle.net/1765/64337
Journal Educational Psychology Review
de Koning, B.B, & Tabbers, H.K. (2011). Facilitating Understanding of Movements in Dynamic Visualizations: An Embodied Perspective. Educational Psychology Review (Vol. 23, pp. 501–521). doi:10.1007/s10648-011-9173-8