Purpose: The study was designed to determine independent prognostic variables in suboptimally debulked advanced ovarian cancer patients entered in the randomised phase III study EORTC 55865. Experimental design: Retrospectively collected paraffin blocks from 169 patients with stages IIb-IV epithelial ovarian cancer, taken at primary debulking surgery, were analysed. All patients were treated with cyclophosphamide and cisplatin (CP), and followed up for a median of 10 years. Expression of p53, bcl-2, P21, Ki-67 and HER-2 status was assessed by immunohistochemistry (IHC). Results: Expression of p21, a downstream effector of the p53 gene, was found to be a favourable prognostic factor for survival (HR 0.58, CI 0.36-0.94, p = 0.025) in addition to FIGO stage (HR 1.54, CI 1.08-2.21, p = < 0.02). For progression free survival (PFS), both p21 (HR 0.52) and Ki-67 (HR 0.6) were significant factors. Conclusion: P21 overexpression is a positive prognostic factor for survival and PFS in advanced ovarian carcinoma with residual lesions of more than 1 cm.

Bcl-2, DNA ploidy, Immunohistochemistry, MIB-1, Morphometry, P21, P53, Prognosis, Suboptimally debulked advanced ovarian cancer
dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejca.2006.06.015, hdl.handle.net/1765/64365
European Journal of Cancer
Department of Pathology

Green, J.A, Berns, P.M.J.J, Coens, C, van Luijk, I.F, Thompson-Hehir, J, van Diest, P.J, … van der Burg, M.E.L. (2006). Alterations in the p53 pathway and prognosis in advanced ovarian cancer: A multi-factorial analysis of the EORTC Gynaecological Cancer group (study 55865). European Journal of Cancer, 42(15), 2539–2548. doi:10.1016/j.ejca.2006.06.015