Tissue harmonic imaging (THI) has been shown to improve medical ultrasound (US) image quality in the frequency range from 2 to 10 MHz and might, therefore, also be advantageous in high-frequency US applications, like US biomicroscopy and intravascular US (IVUS). In this study, we compared high-frequency THI (40 MHz) with fundamental imaging (20 and 40 MHz) with a distorting reflective metal stent in the near fields of both a spherically-focused US biomicroscopy transducer (aperture 8 mm, focal distance 13 mm) and an unfocused elliptical IVUS element. Hydrophone measurements of the harmonic beam (40 MHz) of both transducers showed relatively low signal strength in the near field compared with both (20 and 40 MHz) fundamental beams. For the focused transducer, THI suppressed the second stent echo up to 14 dB compared with fundamental imaging. No significant reduction in stent artifact imaging was observed for the unfocused IVUS element.

High-frequency, Intravascular ultrasound, Nonlinear ultrasound, Stent, Tissue harmonic imaging, Ultrasound biomicroscopy
dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ultrasmedbio.2005.06.006, hdl.handle.net/1765/64432
Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
Department of Cardiology

Frijlink, M.E, Goertz, D.E, & van der Steen, A.F.W. (2005). Reduction of stent artifacts using high-frequency harmonic ultrasound imaging. Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology, 31(10), 1335–1342. doi:10.1016/j.ultrasmedbio.2005.06.006