Is there a place for pediatric valvotomy in the autograft era?
European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery , Volume 20 - Issue 1 p. 89- 94
Objective: Valvotomy and the autograft procedure are the most common surgical treatment options for children with valvular aortic stenosis. We evaluated the results of these surgical procedures in our institution. Methods: Retrospective analysis was done of all patients presenting with aortic stenosis and operated upon before the age of 18. In 11 patients a valvotomy was performed and in 36 an autograft procedure. Results: There was no hospital mortality. Mean follow-up in the valvotomy group was 4.8 years (SD 3.3), in the autograft group 4.5 years (SD 3.3). During follow-up one patient died suddenly 2 months after valvotomy. Two patients in the autograft group died (not valve-related). After valvotomy three patients underwent a balloon valvotomy, in one followed by an autograft procedure and one patient had a repeat valvotomy. In the autograft group one patient was reoperated for severe aortic regurgitation and moderate pulmonary stenosis. At last echocardiography after valvotomy (eight remaining patients) in only two patients (25%) no aortic stenosis or regurgitation was present. In the remaining six patients aortic stenosis is mild in two and moderate in three, including one with moderate aortic regurgitation. In one patient without stenosis, moderate aortic regurgitation was seen. No pulmonary stenosis or regurgitation is present. Echocardiography after autografting (33 remaining patients) showed no aortic stenosis. Aortic regurgitation was mild in seven patients, moderate in two, severe in one. Pulmonary stenosis was present in two patients (16%). Pulmonary regurgitation was mild in three patients and moderate in one. Conclusions: In selected patients with valvular aortic stenosis who are beyond infancy, valvotomy may be adequate and may postpone further surgery for a significant length of time. After valvotomy the main problem is residual aortic stenosis while after autografting a shift occurs to aortic regurgitation and problems related to the pulmonary valve. Careful clinical and echocardiographic follow-up is therefore warranted in young patients after the autograft procedure. Copyright
|Aortic stenosis, Autograft procedure, Valvotomy|
|European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery|
|Organisation||Department of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery|
Bogers, A.J.J.C, Takkenberg, J.J.M, Kappetein, A.P, de Jong, P.L, Cromme-Dijkhuis, A.H, & Witsenburg, M. (2001). Is there a place for pediatric valvotomy in the autograft era?. European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery, 20(1), 89–94. doi:10.1016/S1010-7940(01)00712-6