This prospective study evaluated Raman spectroscopy for the identification of clinically relevant Candida spp. in peritonitis patients. A Raman database was developed by measuring spectra from 93 reference strains belonging to ten different Candida spp. Clinical samples were obtained from the surgical department and intensive care unit of a tertiary university hospital. In total, 88 peritoneal specimens from 45 patients with primary, secondary or tertiary peritonitis were included. Specimens were cultured initially on a selective Sabouraud medium that contained gentamicin to suppress bacterial growth. For conventional identification, a chromogenic medium was used for presumptive identification, followed by use of the Vitek 2 system for definitive identification (requiring a total time of 48-96 h). Raman measurements were taken on overnight cultures from Sabouraud-gentamicin medium. Thirty-one samples were positive for Candida by culture. Using multivariate statistical analyses, a prediction accuracy of 90% was obtained for Raman spectroscopy, which appears to offer an accurate and rapid (12-24 h) alternative for the identification of Candida spp. in peritonitis patients. The reduced turn-around time is of great clinical importance for the treatment of critically ill patients with invasive candidiasis in intensive care units.

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Clinical Microbiology and Infection
Department of Surgery

Ibelings, M.S, Maquelin, K, Endtz, H.P, Bruining, H.A, & Puppels, G.J. (2005). Rapid identification of Candida spp. in peritonitis patients by Raman spectroscopy. Clinical Microbiology and Infection, 11(5), 353–358. doi:10.1111/j.1469-0691.2005.01103.x