This prospective study evaluated Raman spectroscopy for the identification of clinically relevant Candida spp. in peritonitis patients. A Raman database was developed by measuring spectra from 93 reference strains belonging to ten different Candida spp. Clinical samples were obtained from the surgical department and intensive care unit of a tertiary university hospital. In total, 88 peritoneal specimens from 45 patients with primary, secondary or tertiary peritonitis were included. Specimens were cultured initially on a selective Sabouraud medium that contained gentamicin to suppress bacterial growth. For conventional identification, a chromogenic medium was used for presumptive identification, followed by use of the Vitek 2 system for definitive identification (requiring a total time of 48-96 h). Raman measurements were taken on overnight cultures from Sabouraud-gentamicin medium. Thirty-one samples were positive for Candida by culture. Using multivariate statistical analyses, a prediction accuracy of 90% was obtained for Raman spectroscopy, which appears to offer an accurate and rapid (12-24 h) alternative for the identification of Candida spp. in peritonitis patients. The reduced turn-around time is of great clinical importance for the treatment of critically ill patients with invasive candidiasis in intensive care units.

Candida spp., Identification, Peritonitis, Raman spectroscopy, Rapid identification method, Spectroscopy,
Clinical Microbiology and Infection
Department of Surgery

Ibelings, M.S, Maquelin, K, Endtz, H.P, Bruining, H.A, & Puppels, G.J. (2005). Rapid identification of Candida spp. in peritonitis patients by Raman spectroscopy. Clinical Microbiology and Infection, 11(5), 353–358. doi:10.1111/j.1469-0691.2005.01103.x