The dependence of uraemic solute clearance on the hydraulic and diffusive permeability index of an AN-69 capillary haemofilter is investigated during the treatment of patients with continuous arterio-venous haemodiafiltration (CAVHD). A mathematical model is presented to calculate solute clearance and the hydraulic and diffusive permeability index parameters from clinical data and to predict the blood flow rate entering the extra-corporeal circuit from the manufacturer's specifications and blood viscosity. By measuring the flow rates, the patient's mean arterio-venous pressure difference and uraemic solute clearance under different clinical and operational conditions, mathematical model equations are evaluated. During the average survival time of an AN-69 capillary haemofilter of about five days, it is found that both the hydraulic permeability index and the diffusive permeability index decline over treatment time, independent of the haemofilter resistance to blood flow. The measured haemofilter resistance to blood flow is three times higher than the haemofilter resistance predicted from the manufacturer's specifications and blood viscosity. Predicting the blood flow rate entering the extra-corporeal circuit from the arterial haematocrit, plasma protein concentration and temperature and the manufacturer's specifications is not reliable.

Continuous arterio-venous haemodiafiltration, Dialysis, Diffusive permeability, Haemofilter performance, Mass transfer, Mathematical model
dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF02522856, hdl.handle.net/1765/64541
Medical & Biological Engineering & Computing
Department of Gynaecology & Obstetrics

Akcahuseyin, E, van Duyl, W.A, Vincent, H.H, Vos, M.C, & Schalekamp, M.A.D.H. (1998). Continuous arterio-venous haemodiafiltration: Hydraulic and diffusive permeability index of an AN-69 capillary haemofilter. Medical & Biological Engineering & Computing, 36(1), 43–50. doi:10.1007/BF02522856