The aim of the present study was to determine the effects of mechanical ventilation on alveolar fibrin turnover in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced lung injury. In a randomised controlled trial, Sprague-Dawley rats (n=61) were allocated to three ventilation groups after intratracheal LPS (Salmonella enteritidis) instillations. Group I animals were subjected to 16 cmH2O positive inspiratory pressure (PIP) and 5 CMH2O positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP); group II animals to 26 cmH2O PIP and 5 cmH2O PEEP; and group III animals to 35 cmH2O PIP and 5 CMH2O PEEP. Control rats (not mechanically ventilated) received LPS. Healthy rats served as a reference group. Levels of thrombin-antithrombin complex (TATc), D-dimer, plasminogen activator inhibitor (PAI) activity and PAI-1 antigen in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid were measured. LPS-induced lung injury increased TATc, D-dimer and PAI activity and PAI-1 antigen levels versus healthy animals. High pressure-amplitude ventilation increased TATc concentrations. D-dimer concentrations were not significantly raised. Instead, PAI activity increased with the amplitude of the pressure, from 0.7 U·mL-1 in group I to 3.4 U.mL-1 in group II and 5.0 U·mL-1 in group III. There was no change in PAI-1 antigen levels. In conclusion, mechanical ventilation creates an alveolar/pulmonary anti-fibrinolytic milieu in endotoxin-induced lung injury which, at least in part, might be due to an increase in plasminogen activator inhibitor activity. Copyright

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The European Respiratory Journal
Department of Anesthesiology

Dahlem, P, Bos, A.P, Haitsma, J.J, Schultz, M.J, Wolthuis, E.K, Meijers, J.C.M, & Lachmann, B.F. (2006). Mechanical ventilation affects alveolar fibrinolysis in LPS-induced lung injury. The European Respiratory Journal, 28(5), 992–998. doi:10.1183/09031936.06.00133104