Objectives: To establish the effects of plasma volume expansion (PVE) followed by intravenous dihydralazine (DH) administration on maternal whole blood viscosity (WBV) and hematocrit, uteroplacental and fetoplacental downstream impedance and umbilical venous (UV) volume flow in pre-eclampsia. Methods: In 13 pre-eclamptic women maternal and fetal hemodynamics were established by means of combined measurement of maternal arterial blood pressure (BP), WBV, hematocrit and uterine artery (UtA) resistance index (RI) in addition to umbilical artery (UA) pulsatility index (PI) and UV volume flow obtained from UV vessel area and UV time-averaged flow velocity. In each woman all parameters were measured four times at baseline, after PVE, after DH and 24 h after the start of treatment. Results Maternal diastolic BP, hematocrit and WBV display a significant reduction after PVE. In the fetus UA PI decreases significantly whereas a significant increase in UV cross-sectional area was detected. After maternal DH administration, arterial systolic and diastolic BP and UA PI show a significant decrease compared with the measurements following PVE. At 24 h, only maternal systolic and diastolic BP display a significant further decrease. No significant changes were established for the UtA RI, UV time-averaged velocity and UV volume flow during the entire study period. Conclusions: During pre-eclampsia, maternal PVE followed by DH administration results in a significant reduction in maternal diastolic BP, maternal hematocrit and WBV. Maternal PVE is associated with a significant increase in UV cross-sectional area and a non-significant rise of 11% in UV volume flow. Maternal DH administration does not result in any change in UV cross-sectional area. However, UA PI decreases significantly after both PVE and DH treatment. Copyright

Antihypertensive treatment, Maternal whole blood viscosity, Plasma volume expansion, Pre-eclampsia, Umbilical artery pulsatility index, Umbilical venous volume flow, Uterine artery resistance index
dx.doi.org/10.1002/uog.1012, hdl.handle.net/1765/64944
Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Department of Gynaecology & Obstetrics

Boito, S.M, Struijk, P.C, Pop, G.A.M, Visser, W, Steegers, E.A.P, & Wladimiroff, J.W. (2004). The impact of maternal plasma volume expansion and antihypertensive treatment with intravenous dihydralazine on fetal and maternal hemodynamics during pre-eclampsia: A clinical, echo-Doppler and viscometric study. Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology, 23(4), 327–332. doi:10.1002/uog.1012