Ganglia of monkeys with reactivated simian varicella virus (SVV) contained more CD8 than CD4 T cells around neurons. The abundance of CD8 T cells was greater less than 2 months after reactivation than that at later times and correlated with that of CXCL10 RNA but not with those of SVV protein or open reading frame 61 (ORF61) antisense RNA. CXCL10 RNA colocalized with T-cell clusters. After SVV reactivation, transient T-cell infiltration, possibly mediated by CXCL10, parallels varicella zoster virus (VZV) reactivation in humans.

doi.org/10.1128/JVI.03181-12, hdl.handle.net/1765/64955
Journal of Virology
Department of Virology

Ouwendijk, W.J.D, Abendroth, A.K, Traina-Dorge, V, Getu, S, Steain, M, Wellish, M, … Mahalingam, R. (2013). T-cell infiltration correlates with CXCL10 expression in ganglia of cynomolgus macaques with reactivated simian varicella virus. Journal of Virology, 87(5), 2979–2982. doi:10.1128/JVI.03181-12