Aims: Exercise myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) is widely used, but the long-term prognostic value of this test in patients with normal exercise electrocardiographic testing is not defined. Methods and results: A consecutive group of 650 patients (428 men, mean age: 56 ± 11 years) with known or suspected coronary artery disease underwent exercise electrocardiographic testing and MPI. Follow-up endpoints were mortality and major adverse cardiac events (MACE). Predictors of outcome were identified by multivariate logistic regression analysis using clinical, exercise electrocardiographic testing and single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) variables. A total of 324 (50) patients had an abnormal SPECT, and 131 (20) had completely or partially reversible perfusion defects. During a mean follow-up of 9.2 ± 2.0 years, 107 (23) patients died, 69 (11) had a non-fatal myocardial infarction, 90 (14) underwent coronary artery bypass surgery, and 142 (22) percutaneous coronary intervention. Multivariate analysis demonstrated that the summed rest score was an independent predictor of mortality [hazard ratio (HR): 1.15, 95 confidence interval (CI): (1.08-1.22], P < 0.001). The summed stress score was an independent predictor of MACE [HR: 1.09, 95 CI: (1.04-1.13), P < 0.001]. The addition of SPECT variables to clinical and exercise electrocardiographic testing data provided incremental prognostic information for the prediction of mortality and MACE (both P < 0.001). Conclusion: Approximately 20 of patients with known or suspected coronary artery disease and normal exercise electrocardiographic testing have completely or partially reversible myocardial perfusion defects. MPI provides additional information for the prediction of 9-year cardiovascular outcomes in these patients.

Coronary artery disease, Myocardial perfusion imaging, Prognosis
dx.doi.org/10.1093/ehjci/jes104, hdl.handle.net/1765/65180
European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging
Department of Pathology

Schinkel, A.F.L, Boiten, H.J, van der Sijde, J, Ruitinga, W, Sijbrands, E.J.G, Valkema, R, & van Domburg, R.T. (2012). Prediction of 9-year cardiovascular outcomes by myocardial perfusion imaging in patients with normal exercise electrocardiographic testing. European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging, 13(11), 900–904. doi:10.1093/ehjci/jes104